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The Nobel Prize were awarded just last week. The Noble Prizes are awards presented by Scandinavian committees for the advancement of cultural and scientific discoveries in Stockholm, Sweden.
Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the Nobel Prize in 1895. Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma, and a considerable sum of money decided upon by the committee. The categories are peace, literature, chemistry, physics, physiology, and medicine.
According to NobelPrize.org, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf who is Africa’s first democratically elected president. It was also awarded to Leyman Gbowee for her efforts help bring an end to the war in Liberia.
Last but not least, Tawakkul Karman also received the award for her battle to bring democracy and peace to Yemen.
The three women are quoted to receive the award “for their nonviolent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace building work.”
The Nobel Prize in literature was awarded to Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer. The committee believed he deserved the award “because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality.” Some of Transtromer’s notable poems are “Allegro,” “The Half-Finished Heaven,” “Under Pressure,” “Open and Closed Spaces,” and “The Nightingale in Badelunda”.
The Nobel Chemistry Prize was awarded to Dan Schectman who works at the Israel Institute of Technology. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded it to Schectman for the discovery of quasicrystals. Quasicrystals are aggregations of atoms that resemble crystals.
The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt, and Adam G. Reiss “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” A supernova is a star that increases its brightness so much that in explodes and disperses its material.
The Nobel Prize in physiology was awarded to Bruce A. Beutler and Jules A. Hoffmann “for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity.” The Nobel Prize for medicine was awarded to Ralph M. Steinman “for the discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity.”
It’s good to know that no matter how much suffering and unhappiness the world experiences each year that discoveries are still being made and that humankind is continuously being advanced.